TRUTH MATTERS

Truth Matters

The word “truth” in the metaphysical New-Age sense means:

“whatever feels right to you in the moment”.

This is not the definition of the word “truth,” rather, it is “Confirmation Bias”.

Confirmation Bias

confirmation_biasConfirmation bias, also called confirmatory bias or myside bias, is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one’s preexisting beliefs or hypotheses, while giving disproportionately less consideration to alternative possibilities. It is a type of cognitive bias and a systematic error of inductive reasoning. People display this bias when they gather or remember information selectively, or when they interpret it in a biased way. The effect is stronger for emotionally charged issues and for deeply entrenched beliefs. People also tend to interpret ambiguous evidence as supporting their existing position. Biased search, interpretation and memory have been invoked to explain attitude polarization (when a disagreement becomes more extreme even though the different parties are exposed to the same evidence), belief perseverance (when beliefs persist after the evidence for them is shown to be false), the irrational primacy effect (a greater reliance on information encountered early in a series) and illusory correlation (when people falsely perceive an association between two events or situations).

NOTE: Something “feeling right” is not the same as a fact. Humans can “not feel right” about something and interpret the reason for that feeling incorrectly. For example: Susan feels “not right” about her friend whose on a date with a new acquaintance and later finds out she was PROJECTING her own fears. 

READ – On Being Certain: Believing You Are Right Even When You’re Not 
by Robert A. Burton

READ – Being Wrong: Adventures in the Margin of Error
by Kathryn Schulz

READ – Mistakes Were Made (but Not by Me): Why We Justify Foolish Beliefs, Bad Decisions, and Hurtful
by Carol Tavris

READ – A Skeptic’s Guide to the Mind: What Neuroscience Can and Cannot Tell Us About Ourselves
by Robert A. Burton

READ – How to Become a Really Good Pain in the Ass: A Critical Thinker’s Guide to Asking the Right Questions
by Christopher Dicarlo

Truth

The root meaning of the word truth

“steadfast as an oak”

Simple Definition of truth
-the truth : the real facts about something : the things that are true
-the quality or state of being true
-a statement or idea that is true or accepted as true

Full Definition of truth

-fidelity, constancy
-sincerity in action, character, and utterance
-the state of being the case : fact (2) : the body of real things, events, and facts : actuality (3) often –capitalized : a transcendent fundamental or spiritual reality
-a judgment, proposition, or idea that is true or accepted as true <truths of thermodynamics>
-the body of true statements and propositions
-the property (as of a statement) of being in accord with fact or reality
-fidelity to an original or to a standard

Examples of truth in a sentence

  • At some point you have to face the simple truth that we failed.
  • Their explanation was simpler but came closer to the truth.
  • The article explains the truth about global warming.
  • A reporter soon discovered the truth.
  • Do you swear to tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth?
  • Her story contains a grain of truth but also lots of exaggeration.

Other important words

Wishful Thinking

Wishful thinking is the formation of beliefs and making decisions according to what might be pleasing to imagine instead of by appealing to evidence, rationality, or reality. It is a product of resolving conflicts between belief and desire. Studies have consistently shown that holding all else equal, subjects will predict positive outcomes to be more likely than negative outcomes (see unrealistic optimism). However, research suggests that under certain circumstances, such as when threat increases, a reverse phenomenon occurs.

Illusory Correlation

Illusory correlation is the phenomenon of perceiving a relationship between variables (typically people, events, or behaviors) even when no such relationship exists. A common example of this phenomenon is the formation of a false association between membership in a statistical minority group (e.g., African-Americans) and a rare, typically negative, behavior (e.g., drug abuse). This false association is formed because rare or novel occurrences are more salient and therefore tend to capture one’s attention. This is one way stereotypes form and endure. Hamilton & Rose (1980) found that stereotypes can lead people to expect certain groups and traits to fit together, and then to overestimate the frequency with which these correlations actually occur.

Cognitive Bias

A cognitive bias refers to a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment, whereby inferences about other people and situations may be drawn in an illogical fashion. Individuals create their own “subjective social reality” from their perception of the input. An individual’s construction of social reality, not the objective input, may dictate their behavior in the social world. Thus, cognitive biases may sometimes lead to perceptual distortion, inaccurate judgment, illogical interpretation, or what is broadly called irrationality.

Full List of Cognitive Biases